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NFPA 220 - NIORDC



- Benefits of using NFPA 220 for building construction H2: How to access NFPA 220 online for free? - Steps to access NFPA 220 online for free- Limitations and alternatives of free access H2: How to use NFPA 220 for different types of building construction? - Explanation of the five types of building construction defined by NFPA 220- Examples and applications of each type H2: How to comply with NFPA 220 requirements and recommendations? - Overview of the general requirements and recommendations of NFPA 220- Tips and best practices for complying with NFPA 220 H1: Conclusion - Summary of the main points and takeaways of the article- Call to action and invitation for feedback Table 2: Article with HTML formatting What is NFPA 220 and why is it important?




If you are involved in building construction, design, or inspection, you may have heard of NFPA 220. But what is it exactly and why should you care about it? In this article, we will explain what NFPA 220 is, how you can access it online for free, how to use it for different types of building construction, and how to comply with its requirements and recommendations.




nfpa 220 pdf free download



NFPA 220 is a standard on types of building construction published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). It defines five types of building construction based on the combustibility and the fire resistance rating of their structural elements. The purpose of NFPA 220 is to promote protection from fire and its associated hazards by providing a consistent and uniform basis for classifying buildings according to their fire performance.


Using NFPA 220 can help you achieve several benefits, such as:


  • Enhancing the safety of occupants, firefighters, and property in case of a fire.



  • Facilitating the communication and coordination among different stakeholders involved in building construction, such as architects, engineers, contractors, code officials, and insurers.



  • Supporting the development and enforcement of fire codes and standards that regulate building construction.



  • Improving the understanding and evaluation of fire risks and hazards associated with different types of building construction.



How to access NFPA 220 online for free?




NFPA 220 is one of the many codes and standards that NFPA makes available online to the public for free. This is part of its commitment to enhancing public safety and serving the public's increasing interest in technical information. To access NFPA 220 online for free, you need to follow these steps:


  • Go to https://www.nfpa.org/Codes-and-Standards/All-Codes-and-Standards/Free-access.



  • View the list of NFPA's codes and standards and select the link of NFPA 220 (first column).



  • Once on the specific page, click the "Free Access" button located under the title.



  • Use the drop-down menu to select an available edition. The current edition is 2024.



  • Select the "view" button. A new browser window will open displaying terms & conditions.



  • Review and accept the agreement term to view the publication.



  • Use the "Table of Contents" or paging buttons to view chapters/sections.



  • Use the Zoom feature to increase/decrease the font size.



Please note that you will be asked to "sign-in" or create a profile to access NFPA's codes/standards. This is a read-only sitedocuments cannot be downloaded or printed, because NFPA relies on the revenues from people who want to own their own copies to fund its mission. If you want to purchase a copy of NFPA 220, you can do so from https://catalog.nfpa.org/NFPA-220-Standard-on-Types-of-Building-Construction-P1650.aspx.


If you are looking for alternatives to free access, you can also subscribe to NFPA LiNK, a digital platform that provides access to NFPA's codes and standards, plus supplementary content, on any device. You can learn more about NFPA LiNK and sign up for a free trial at https://www.nfpa.org/Link.


How to use NFPA 220 for different types of building construction?




NFPA 220 defines five types of building construction based on the combustibility and the fire resistance rating of their structural elements. The structural elements include load-bearing walls, columns, beams, floors, and roofs. The five types of building construction are:


  • Type I: Fire-resistive. This type of construction has structural elements that are made of noncombustible materials and have a fire resistance rating of not less than 2 hours.



  • Type II: Noncombustible. This type of construction has structural elements that are made of noncombustible materials but do not have a specified fire resistance rating.



  • Type III: Ordinary. This type of construction has exterior walls that are made of noncombustible materials and interior elements that are made of any material permitted by the code.



  • Type IV: Heavy timber. This type of construction has exterior walls that are made of noncombustible materials and interior elements that are made of solid or laminated wood with specified minimum dimensions.



  • Type V: Wood frame. This type of construction has structural elements that are made of any material permitted by the code.



The type of building construction affects the fire behavior and spread, the structural stability and integrity, and the fire protection requirements and strategies for a building. Therefore, it is important to use NFPA 220 to classify buildings according to their type of construction and apply the appropriate fire codes and standards for each type. For example, NFPA 101: Life Safety Code specifies different occupancy classifications, egress requirements, fire protection systems, and interior finishes for different types of building construction.


Some examples and applications of each type of building construction are:


  • Type I: Fire-resistive. This type of construction is typically used for high-rise buildings, such as office towers, hotels, hospitals, and residential buildings. It provides a high level of fire resistance and compartmentalization to prevent fire spread and protect occupants and property.



  • Type II: Noncombustible. This type of construction is typically used for low-rise buildings, such as warehouses, factories, schools, and retail stores. It provides a moderate level of fire resistance and limits the fuel load and combustibility of structural elements.



  • Type III: Ordinary. This type of construction is typically used for mixed-use buildings, such as apartments, offices, restaurants, and shops. It provides a balance between fire resistance and flexibility in design and materials.



  • Type IV: Heavy timber. This type of construction is typically used for historic buildings, such as churches, libraries, museums, and theaters. It provides a unique aesthetic appeal and a high level of fire resistance due to the charring effect of wood.



  • Type V: Wood frame. This type of construction is typically used for residential buildings, such as single-family homes, townhouses, and low-rise apartments. It provides a low cost and easy availability of materials and a high level of design flexibility.



How to comply with NFPA 220 requirements and recommendations?




NFPA 220 provides general requirements and recommendations for classifying buildings according to their type of construction. It does not prescribe specific methods or materials for constructing buildings or achieving fire resistance ratings. However, it references other NFPA codes and standards that provide more detailed guidance on how to comply with NFPA 220 requirements and recommendations.


Some of the general requirements and recommendations of NFPA 220 are:


  • The classification of a building or a portion thereof shall be based on the type of construction having the least fire resistance rating.



  • The classification shall be based on the actual performance or expected performance under fire conditions as determined by tests or methods acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ).



  • The classification shall be based on the assumption that all concealed spaces will be exposed to fire.



and walls will be protected in accordance with the applicable code or standard.


  • The classification shall be based on the assumption that all structural elements will be properly maintained and protected from deterioration or damage.



Some of the NFPA codes and standards that provide more detailed guidance on how to comply with NFPA 220 requirements and recommendations are:


  • NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. This code provides minimum requirements for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of buildings and structures for life safety from fire and other emergencies.



  • NFPA 5000: Building Construction and Safety Code. This code provides minimum requirements for the design, construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and structures to protect occupants and property from fire and other hazards.



  • NFPA 13: Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems. This standard provides minimum requirements for the design, installation, and maintenance of sprinkler systems for fire protection.



  • NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code. This code provides minimum requirements for the design, installation, and maintenance of fire alarm and signaling systems for fire detection, notification, and emergency communication.



  • NFPA 251: Standard Methods of Tests of Fire Resistance of Building Construction and Materials. This standard provides methods for testing the fire resistance of building construction and materials under controlled laboratory conditions.



Some of the tips and best practices for complying with NFPA 220 requirements and recommendations are:


  • Consult with the AHJ to determine the applicable codes and standards for your building project and obtain the necessary permits and approvals.



  • Work with qualified professionals, such as architects, engineers, contractors, and inspectors, who have experience and expertise in building construction and fire protection.



  • Use reliable sources of information, such as NFPA's codes and standards, publications, training programs, and technical services, to learn more about NFPA 220 and related topics.



  • Conduct regular inspections, tests, and maintenance of your building's structural elements and fire protection systems to ensure their proper performance and compliance.



  • Implement fire prevention and emergency preparedness measures, such as fire drills, evacuation plans, fire extinguishers, smoke alarms, and emergency lighting, to enhance the safety of your building's occupants.



Conclusion




NFPA 220 is a standard on types of building construction that defines five types of building construction based on the combustibility and the fire resistance rating of their structural elements. It is an important tool for enhancing fire safety and protecting occupants and property from fire and its associated hazards. By using NFPA 220 to classify buildings according to their type of construction, you can apply the appropriate fire codes and standards for each type. You can also access NFPA 220 online for free from NFPA's website or subscribe to NFPA LiNK for more convenient access. To comply with NFPA 220 requirements and recommendations, you should consult with the AHJ, work with qualified professionals, use reliable sources of information, conduct regular inspections, tests, and maintenance, and implement fire prevention and emergency preparedness measures.


We hope you found this article helpful and informative. If you have any questions or feedback about NFPA 220 or any other NFPA code or standard, please feel free to contact us. We would love to hear from you!


FAQs Q: What is the difference between combustible and noncombustible materials? A: Combustible materials are materials that can ignite and burn when exposed to a heat source. Noncombustible materials are materials that do not ignite or burn when exposed to a heat source. Q: What is a fire resistance rating? A: A fire resistance rating is a measure of the ability of a building element to resist fire exposure and maintain its structural integrity for a specified period of time. Q: How can I determine the type of construction of an existing building? A: You can determine the type of construction of an existing building by inspecting its structural elements or reviewing its original plans or records. You can also consult with a professional engineer or architect who can perform a structural analysis or a fire resistance test. Q: How can I change the type of construction of an existing building? A: You can change the type of construction of an existing building by modifying its structural elements or adding fire protection systems. However, you should always check with the AHJ before making any changes to ensure compliance with the applicable codes and standards. Q: Where can I find more information about NFPA 220 and related topics? A: You can find more information about NFPA 220 and related topics from NFPA's website, https://www.nfpa.org, where you can access its codes and standards, publications, training programs, and technical services. You can also subscribe to NFPA LiNK, a digital platform that provides access to NFPA's codes and standards, plus supplementary content, on any device. 71b2f0854b


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